The 19th Amendment to the United States Constitution, granting American women the right to vote, was passed 100 years ago on June 4th, 1919. This is a big anniversary for women’s suffrage and equal rights. This amendment to the Constitution wasn’t ratified until a year later.
Since the 19th Amendment passed, women have driven several new eras of American politics. Many historians view women’s suffrage history and civil rights movements to be a strong indicator of the movement for minorities (specifically gay and transgender Americans) civil rights.
The 19th emerged out of the Progressive Era for American politics which was a period of very increased social activism and economic reform. The United States went through this era for the first two decades of the 20th century before the Great Depression. During this time, suffragists like Jeannette Rankin who was the first female member of the House, pushed for greater attention to women’s civil, and human, rights.
Many states passed their own litigation, and laws, for women prior to 1919 like California, Washington, Arizona and Wyoming who led the charge all the way back in 1869.
Since the 19th Amendment there have been a plethora of women who have taken office from city/local, state, and even federal positions. Keep fighting the good fight women! We are getting closer every day to equal human rights for all.